Chronic Conditions

CANCER

Cancer is a disease where cells in your body grow out of control and invade different tissues in your body. Normally, cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. As cells grow old, they die and the new cells take their place. If new cells form when the body does not need them or old cells don’t die when they should, these extra cells can form a mass of tissue called a tumor. Not all cancers form tumors. For example, leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming tissue does not form a solid tumor.

Frequently Ask Questions

PULMONARY DISEASE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION (PAH) PSORIASIS AND PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS PAIN MANAGEMENT OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA) MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) CANCER HYPERLIPIDEMIA HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) HEPATITIS C GROWTH HORMONE DEFICIENCY Type I and Type II Diabetes CYSTIC FIBROSIS (CF) CROHN’S DISEASE (CD) AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS (UC) Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Frequently Ask Questions

How does cancer spread to different parts of the body?

Cancer cells can spread by traveling through the bloodstream and lymphatic system, which carries blood and cells to all parts of the body.

Once the cancer cells reach their new destination, they begin to grow.

When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another, this is called metastasis.

How is cancer treated?

Your cancer treatment depends on many factors, including:

  • Type of cancer you have
  • Stage of your cancer (the severity of the cancer based on the size and/or extent of the cancer and whether it has spread)
  •  Your general health or preferences

The goal of treatment is to kill or remove cancer cells and to bring your cancer into remission (when the cancer is under control and/or is responding to treatment) or to cure you of the cancer.

Most people will have a combination of treatments, which may include:

  • Medication therapy — Uses medications to kill or slow the growth and spread of cancer cells. It can include targeted therapy, hormonal therapy, and chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy — Uses energy beams to kill cancer cells and tumors
  • Surgery — Removes cancer from the body
  • Immunotherapy — Helps your immune system fight cancer
  • Stem cell transplant — Procedure that restores blood–forming stem cells in people who have had theirs destroyed by high doses of cancer treatment