Chronic Conditions

CROHN’S DISEASE (CD) AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS (UC)

CD and UC are chronic (long lasting) inflammatory diseases that cause inflammation, irritation, and swelling in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Frequently Ask Questions

PULMONARY DISEASE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION (PAH) PSORIASIS AND PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS PAIN MANAGEMENT OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA) MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) CANCER HYPERLIPIDEMIA HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) HEPATITIS C GROWTH HORMONE DEFICIENCY Type I and Type II Diabetes CYSTIC FIBROSIS (CF) CROHN’S DISEASE (CD) AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS (UC) Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Frequently Ask Questions

What causes Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis?

The exact causes of Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis are not known, but certain factors may be involved:

  • Autoimmune reaction — When your immune system attacks the healthy cells lining the intestines by mistake. This causes the inflammation, which leads to the symptoms.
  • Genetics — Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis disease sometimes runs in families.
  • Environmental — Some studies show that certain medications and a high-fat diet can slightly increase the chance of getting Crohn’s disease. Something in the environment can cause an immune response and cause inflammation.

How are Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis treated?

There’s no cure for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, but medications that reduce inflammation are important for treating your symptoms. Treatment includes medications that are taken by mouth or given as a shot.

Your medications may include:

  • Aminosalicylates — Reduce inflammation
  • Corticosteroids — Reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system
  • Immunosuppressants — Suppress or slow down the immune system
  • Antibiotics — Prevent or treat infections
  • Biologic response modifiers (biologics) — Block specific chemicals involved in inflammation
  • In some cases, surgery may be needed.